The Australian authority adopted the euthanasia procedure for critical patients starting in 2022, APA reported.
According to the law, the highly critical patient will have a right to ask the doctors to provide a special medicine that can lead to death. The patient will have to authorize this action by himself as two doctors including a palliative specialist must permit the procedure.
Meanwhile, euthanasia will be prohibited for the juvenile. In addition, direct euthanasia performed without patient approval won’t be allowed as well.
Earlier, the Australian constitutional court lifted the ban on indirect euthanasia following the government drafted a law and put it on the Parliamentary vote in December.
In 2019 the euthanasia was legalized in the Australian state of Victoria. The patient has less than six months to live to conduct an operation. Besides, the sick man must stay in the Victoria state no less than a year.
Euthanasia is officially allowed in Spain, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. Passive euthanasia is legal in Germany - maintenance therapy can be stopped with the consent of the patient or relatives.
There are three main types of euthanasia - active, passive, and indirect.
The active implies the direct injection of a lethal drug by a doctor. The passive method is the termination of life-sustaining treatment at the patient's request. An indirect procedure involves a special medication that can relieve pain and be fatal.