G20 leaders agree on 1.5 °C warming objective

17:05, 31 October 2021
G20 leaders agree on 1.5 °C warming objective Photo: Aaron Chown/ТАСС

The aim is even more ambitious than that of the Paris agreement of 2015.

On Sunday the representatives of the G20 members came to an agreement to limit the global warming increase by 1.5°C compared with the pre-industrial era.

The Group of Twenty sticks to the Paris accord signed in 2015 which aims at curbing the planet’s temperature growth but the new accord surpasses it by 0.5 °C of the restriction level.

"We recognize that the impacts of climate change at 1.5°C are much lower than at 2°C,” a statement says.

The union has also stressed the importance of cooperative measures and engagement from all the countries.

However, the communique did not evoke concrete measures to fight climate change. The members are expected to present plans to sponsor the emergent countries seeking to shut down their coal-fired plants.

Another point of criticism is that the document specifies no date by which the aim must be achieved. The text’s deadline is set as the “middle of the century”.

According to recent reports presented by the UN, the global warming level increases by the catastrophic 2.7 °C and is likely to reach only 2,2°C if most countries respect their promises to have net-zero emissions.

Many countries have promised to cut carbon emissions by zero but the dates vary from country to country. For instance, most EU members intend to reach net-zero emission by 2030, most of the countries plan to do it by 2050, while China, Russia, and Saudi Arabia by 2060.